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CBD VS HEMP, What are the differences?

  Cannabis is one of the most popular plants of our time. Having being previously largely associated with hacky sacks and bongs, cannabis is today one of the buzziest products when it comes to health and wellness. Manufacturers are using cannabis derivatives today as herbal remedy and additive to a variety of products.

What Is Cannabis?

First things first; cannabaceae is a family of flowering plants that includes hundreds of species. The most common genus is the cannabis, the most popular being Cannabis Sativa (hemp) and Cannabis Indica (marijuana). In most cases, the term hemp (or industrial hemp) is used to refer to sativa that is grown only for non-drug use. Marijuana, on the other hand, is a drug that is known for its psychotronic properties. 

Sativa and Indica have varying chemical components, and as such, affect the body in different ways. For starters, Indica has a high level of tetrahydrocannabinol (commonly referred to as THC) and a low level of cannabidiol (also referred to as CBD). Sativa has a high level of CBD and a low level of THC. Industrial hemp is usually bred to have the lowest levels of THC and the highest levels of CBD. The cannabis chemical compound called THC is responsible for psychoactive responses in users. Non drug strains, according to UN Narcotics Convention, should have no more than 0.3% of THC.

Hemp Oil VS CBD Oil

These oils are both derived from the same plant. Hemp oil is produced from hemp seeds while CBD is produced from the leaves, stalk and flowers of the hemp plant. These oils have differing characteristics owing to the difference in chemical composition of the resultant oil. Let’s look at more differences between these two oils.

Hemp Oil


CBD Oil    

Manufacturing    .......  Cold pressed from hemp seeds ...... Extracted from flowers, stalk and leaves
In pure form    Doesn’t not contain any THC or cannabinoids Contains traces of THC, but usually lower than 0.3%, and may have other terpenes and cannabinoids other than CBD
Abundance       Only found in hemp plant seeds Can be extracted from other cannabis plants other than the hemp plant
General use Health and wellness, beauty and skin care, cooking Medicinal, therapeutic and recreational use
Composition Contains magnesium, potassium, vitamin B complex and vitamin E, and omega 3 6 and 9 fatty acids May contains phytocannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, preservatives and stabilizers
Benefits Nutritional (vitamin) supplement Anti-seizure, anxiety  and depression relief, anti-inflammatory
Forms Beverage additive (juices and tea) oral doses (mints, gummies, hard candy), tinctures

Ignorance and Inaccurate Labels

The misinformation over the difference between hemp oil and CBD oil is fuelled by inaccurate labeling of the products that are already in the market. This is facilitated by uninformed or ignorant manufacturers and packers. For this instance, you need quality information so as to make informed purchases.

For starters, you will find the term “hemp oil” used to refer to all oils derived from the hemp plant (and can be either hemp seed oil or CBD oil). Other companies cunningly label the product as “cannabis sativa oil” and crown the label with cannabis leaves and flowers. This becomes confusing to someone who knows that hemp oil is derived from the seeds.

Some manufacturers intentionally mislead consumers for business purposes especially when focused on healthcare mergers. CBD oil is pretty expensive compared to hemp seed oil as it is harder to extract. You will find that a manufacturer has labeled a product as CBD oil only to find out that the percentage of CBD in the oil is minimal.

Read the list of ingredients carefully in order to know exactly what you will be buying. It is important to note that these oils might contain some preservatives and stabilizers. As such, you can find other oils and components in the ingredient list. The list, however, should show the largest percentage in the ingredient list being the respective CBD or Hemp oil. The higher the ingredient is on the list, the higher its quantity is in the product.

Hemp Oil and CBD Oil Legality

To the inexperienced consumer, cannabis easily translates to marijuana, which is illegal in many parts of the world. This is because marijuana (Cannabis Indica) has high levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Under the UN Psychotropic Substances Convention, THC is one of the substances listed. THC is also listed as a drug by UK’s Home Office.

While hemp products are not illegal, the government restricts the growth of hemp plant to licensed companies only. Additionally, the resultant products have to be tested and licensed and get clinical validation by the Home Office before they are sold in UK. While testing can be done by a laboratory that is independent of the manufacturing company, it must adhere to the regulations set by Home office.

Hemp Oil VS CBD Oil Dosage

Is there a difference in the dosage of hemp oil and CBD oil? Can one overdose on these oils? What amount would be considered an overdose? Well, for starters, the amounts each person can take are dependent on a myriad of conditions. Additionally, first time consumers are advised to speak to a physician before using these oils. In order to understand how much you can take in a day, let’s look at the basic dosage considerations.

Concentration, or strength, is one of the major considerations and it refers to the amount of hemp oil or CBD oil in the product you are getting. This strength is measured in mg (milligrams). The dosage, however, indicates the amount of hemp oil or CBD that you are taking in each serving. Let’s say a tincture of oil has 1500mg with 30mL of tincture and a recommended serving of 1mL. This means that you are consuming 50mL in that one serving and not the 1500mg.

Body weight dictates your needs. Light weight consumers may need lower amounts compared to heavy weight counterparts to achieve the same results. 

• The desired effects also dictate the amount you can take per serving. If you desire stronger effects, you can take a little more product compared to someone who only uses the oil for recreational purposes. Since CBD is used as pain relief, someone with severe pain might take more of the CBD compared to another who only uses it for health and wellness.

• The body’s tolerance to the oil also dictates dosage. The truth is that there are people who may be allergic to hemp oil or CBD oil or any other ingredient that is used to make any of the oils. In this case, it is advisable to discontinue use. Additionally, note that continued use of the oils may produce a tolerance, which reduces the effects of the usual dose. As such, it is best to talk to a physician on whether you need to switch to a different product or switch up the dose.

So, What Is the Appropriate Dosage?

Here is a simple guide on the recommended dosage of either oil. Note that this is only a general daily recommendation. If you want a custom recommendation, you may need to work with your physician.

• For those who are about 130lbs and lighter, 25mg is enough for wellness, 63mg for medium use and 250mg if looking to treat severe symptoms

• For those who are up to 150lbs, 30mg is enough for light use, 75mg for medium and about 300mg for chronic conditions

• Those who weight up to 230lbs, 35mg is enough for everyday wellness, 100mg for medium use and 350mg pharma use

It is important to note that different manufacturers have differing recommended dosage. As such, it is important to talk to a physician before you start on any of the oils.

Is There Such Thing as Hemp or CBD Oil Overdose?

Well, since these two oils have often been touted as full of benefits, it is not likely, yet it is possible to overdose. Now, if you use beyond the recommended dosage for your purposes, you are essentially overdosing. However, you may need to consume pretty high amounts in order to reach potentially harmful dosage.

Isolate, Broad Spectrum, Full Spectrum

These terms are as confusing as the differences between CBD oil and hemp oil.  You need to get quality information on cannabis and its properties in order to understand what the label of your product says. Reputable companies, with good leaders such as Michael Nashat CEO of TERRASCEND, you are bound to get adequate information before you make a purchase. 

Isolate oil is at least 99% pure which means that it is completely isolated from all other compounds such as fatty acids, terpenes, cannabinoids and flavonoids. This is best used by someone who has sensitivities to other cannabis compounds. This is also appropriate for customers who prefer high quality products. The pure end product can be used as an additive to several other products and consumables.

Broad spectrum oil contains a lot of cannabis compounds except THC. Some of these compounds include fatty acids, terpenes, cannabinoids and flavonoids. This makes the end product easy to use, and does not bring about the psychoactive effects. Broad spectrum oil is perfect for people who have THC sensitivities.

Full spectrum oil includes everything that comes with broad spectrum oil, in addition to THC. Full spectrum hemp oil or CBD oil is the most accommodating to the entourage effect, making them pretty popular among customers and companies such as MedMen.  Full spectrum oil has trace THC amounts that give a buzz or sedative effects. It is important to note that full spectrum cannabis oils might be illegal owing to the amount of THC in it.

Basically, the major difference between isolate, broad spectrum and full spectrum cannabis oil is the manufacturing process involved. Each extra grade of purity requires another step of purification.

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CBD VS HEMP, What Are The Differences

CBD VS HEMP, What Are The Differences


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